The thyroid is a gland situated in front of the neck, just below the larynx. It is an important gland essential for normal body functions, which is under the control of pituitary gland -a tiny gland located at the base of the brain. Thyroid glands are stimulated by pituitary gland to produce thyroid stimulating hormones (TSH) thyroxin (T4) and triiodothyronoine (T3) that control the metabolism, blood pressure, body temperature, heart rate, body weight and the way the body uses energy of the whole body.
Thyroid plays a vital role in collecting the iodine from the food you eat and convert into thyroid hormones useful for innumerable functions. Thyroid cells are the only cells in the body which has the ability to absorb iodine and combine it with amino acid to make T3 and T4. Thyroid cancer is common among people and it’s a type of endocrine cancer and if you observe a lump or nodule and feel changes in the size of the neck check with your doctor immediately.
Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer:
You may not have any symptoms in the initial stages of thyroid cancer that’s why you will not feel any abnormality in your thyroid gland but as it progresses you may have the following symptoms:
- Constant cough
- Pain in throat and neck
- Hard to swallow
- Swollen lymph nodes
- A lump in the throat
- Shortness of Breath
If you feel something is abnormal in your throat and experience the symptoms mentioned above talk to your doctor so that it can be diagnosed timely to prevent serious complications.
Who is at risk for Thyroid Cancer?
- Growing age
- Being a female
- Exposed to radiation
- Family history
- History of breast cancer
- Low levels of iodine
- Uncontrolled diabetes
Types of Thyroid: There re Four types of Thyroid Cancer
Papillary Carcinoma – It is the most common type of cancer which affects mostly women above 40 years of age, this type of cancer is easily treatable if diagnosed in time.
Follicular Thyroid Cancer – Follicular cancer spreads to other parts of the body like bones, lungs etc. This type of cancer usually recurs.
Medullary Thyroid Cancer – This type of cancer occurs in non-thyroid cells situated in thyroid glands.
Anaplastic Carcinoma – A type of cancer that is hard to treat, often spreads to different parts of the body. It is a life-threatening cancer.