Blood disorder is a condition that can affect any part of your blood such as – red blood cells which is responsible for carrying oxygen to the tissues of the body, white blood cells – which is responsible for protecting your body by fighting infections, and platelets or plasma – a liquid portion of blood which helps in blood clotting. There are various types of blood disorders that are treatable but if it is serious it can prove to be fatal.
Some of the types of blood disorders include:-
Red blood cells (RBC) disorder -Red blood cell disorders affects the red blood cells present in the blood. A sufficient count of red blood cells is considered to be very vital for overall health of a person because red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen throughout the body, and they help remove carbon dioxide. If you have low count of RBC you experience symptoms such as dizziness, pale skin, fatigue, headaches, and shortness of breath.
Lack of red blood cells causes:-
- Sickle cell disorder – this disorder is heredity, it passes on from a parent to a child, this condition makes the red blood cells rigid and curved, causing abnormality in haemoglobin which are present in red blood cells and leads to blockage of blood flow and oxygen to the body‘s tissues .
- Aplastic anaemia – it is a serious condition wherein bone marrow fails to form new blood cells which leads to weak body as a result risk of infections increases.
- Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AHA) – this is a type of disorder in which the immune system attacks red blood cells and destroys them, leading to reduced RBCs.
- Anaemia – when you have extremely low levels of iron you get the condition called anaemia this is a type of red blood cell disorder which occurs when your body does not have enough blood.
- Pernicious anaemia – when your body lacks in important vitamins like – vitamin B12 it leads to low RBCs.
White blood cells (WBC) disorder:
WBCs are made in bone marrow and flow throughout the blood. They are vital part of immune system as they help detect infections and underlying diseases or illnesses. They help to fight various infections causing bacteria, viruses and germs. White blood cell disorders can affect the immune system’s response and the body’s ability to fight off infection.
Lack of white blood cells can lead to the following disorders:-
Lymphoma – lymphoma is a WBC disorder in which white blood cells change and multiply uncontrollably causing blood cancer called lymphoma that affects the body’s lymphatic system.
Leukemia – it is also a white blood disorder in which WBC multiplies abnormally inside the bone marrow leading to blood cancer.
Plasma blood disorder – this type of disorder affects the plasma cells, and leads to blood cancer called plasma cell myeloma that occurs in the plasma cells in the bone marrow. The plasma cells which are abnormal deposit in the bone marrow and form tumors called plasmacytomas.
Platelets blood disorder –
Platelets are small blood cells help in formation of blood clots when you
are bleeding profusely as a result of injury or any severe cut. It’s very
important to have good platelet count as they help stop bleeding in case of severe injury. If you have low platelet count you are at risk for spontaneous bleeding, when you get a cut or injury.