To understand hypothyroidism better it is important to know about thyroid gland and its function in the body. Thyroid is basically a gland situated in front of the neck, just below the larynx. It is pituitary gland (a small gland located at the base of the brain)) which controls the thyroid gland. Pituitary gland which stimulates thyroid glands and its produce thyroid stimulating hormones (TSH) thyroxin (T4) and triiodothyronoine (T3) that control the metabolism (conversion of oxygen and calories to energy), body temperature, use of energy by the body, responsible for growth and development and plays a major role in brain development of a child.
Working of the Thyroid Gland:
Thyroid gland is responsible for collecting iodine from the food we consume and turn it into thyroid hormones. Thyroid cells are the only cells in the body which has the ability to take in iodine and combine it with amino acid to make T3 and T4. When thyroid glands fail to function normally due to various reasons it leads to either under active (hypothyroidisms) or overactive (hyperthyroidism). Let’s focus on hypothyroidism and its effects on your life and learn to live with it.
Hypothyroidism (under-active thyroid) – a condition in which the body fails to produce enough thyroid hormone that is thyroxin (T4); this hormone is very important as it is responsible for smooth bodily functions which includes growth, digestion , metabolism, brain, liver, heart ,reproductive functions etc. Thyroid hormone is very important and plays a major role in controlling various functions of the body. If there is fluctuation in thyroid hormones your body experiences many health issues, it is very important to find the healthy ways to live with condition like Hypothyroidism.
Here are few Tips to manage Hypothyroidism:
Eat healthy -hypothyroidism can drain your energy levels and also puts you at risk for weight gain, so focus on eating healthy foods that helps you feel energetic and at the same time restricts weight gain. Choose foods like fresh fruits, vegetables, lean protein, healthy fats and whole grains and make sure to eat small meals spread throughout the day.
Exercise – exercise contributes to a healthy living and keeps you feeling energetic throughout the day. You can take up any form of exercise like walking, running, aerobics, weightlifting, stretching etc. There are number of options to keep your body fit. Exercising also helps you maintain ideal weight and releases your stress to a great extent which is good to keep your mood elevated.
Meditation – life is full of stress there is always tension in our heads to complete various tasks which can cause severe health problems. You must learn to relax and take some time off to de – stress your mind and body and there is nothing better than taking up meditation a best relaxing method to keep your symptoms of hypothyroidism in check.
Sleep well– having hypothyroidism makes you feel exhausted easily, so it is very important to take proper rest from time to time to feel energetic. Always follow a sleep wake cycle which means go to sleep at the same time at night and wake up at the same; this will keep you active throughout the day.
These are some of the basic and healthy ways to deal with hypothyroidism.