Blood test are used to diagnose and assess the underlying health problems, check for infection and can be useful to know the working condition of important organs of the body such as – liver, kidney, lungs and other bodily functions. Blood test are also very useful to diagnose certain genetic disorders. Most blood tests do not require any preparations, for few types of blood tests your doctor may ask you to fast or abstain from food for few hours or overnight (8 to 12 hours) before the blood tests is conducted. For blood test a small sample of blood is drawn from a vein in your arm using a needle. It is a simple and easy procedure, then the blood is sent to the lab for testing.
Some of the Bloods Tests Include:
Blood chemistry tests -Blood chemistry tests are done to measure the levels of electrolytes such as- proteins, potassium, sodium ,chloride fats, glucose (sugar), and other enzymes. These are set of tests that can also reveal the overall body’s working condition like the functioning of liver, endocrine, kidneys, hypertension (high blood pressure) and to measure chemical substances in the blood. Blood chemistry test can successfully diagnose underlying problem and makes it possible to take timely treatment.
Complete Blood Count Tests (CBC) – A complete blood count test is used to find the status of your overall health and also to diagnose various underlying diseases. CBC test also is very useful and important because it reveals number of details about the blood cells like red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets which makeup blood. Completed blood count test carries RBC, WBC and platelet test.
Blood Clotting Tests – Are used to diagnose and assess bleeding problems. This test is usually done if there is excess bleeding that does not stop and this happens if you had cuts, injury, if you bruise easily, or it may be conducted for those undergoing surgery to determine the person’s risk of bleeding problems during the surgery. In this test blood sample is collected and transferred into bottle containing a chemical then sent to the laboratory for testing.
Blood Tests for Heart Failure – These tests reveal about the condition of the heart health and it is very important to take this test as it gives you an idea about your heart condition so that you can take necessary precaution to prevent sudden heart failure. The blood tests for heart failure includes – check levels of certain fats, cholesterol, sugar, and proteins(high levels are sign of heart attack), to check for levels of hormones in the blood which can be a sign of heart failure and there are many other blood tests which helps your doctor determine if you at increased risk of having a heart attack.